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Success Story

Integrated Pest and Disease Management in Rice based Cropping System

High cost, unavailability of labour and increasing concerns about environmental and health hazards associated with chemical insecticides are providing impetus to farmers of Sankilo village of Nischintkoili block of Cuttack district for adopting environmentally safer alternative to manage the insect pest. Integrated approach for management of pest and disease were demonstrated in rice are Summer ploughing, Seed treatment of rice with Carbendazim @ 2 gm/kg seed, Application of cartap hydrochloride @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha in nursery 5-7 days before uprooting the seedling, Line transplanting of rice, Monitoring of YSB population @ 3 traps / week / acre with 5 mg lure and Need base application of Insecticides / Fungicides. Programme was implemented by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Cuttack with association of Chasi Bhai Krishak Club, Sankilo. Pest Control of India associated with this programme as quality input supplier and Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack for Scientific support. Higher average yield of paddy was recorded in demonstrated plots (46.75 q/ha) in comparison to check (42.50 q/ha) .One spraying of fungicides (Carbandazim @ 2gm/ltr water) and insecticides (Trizophos @ 2 ml/ltr water) was applied after 45-50 DAT in demo plot. Whereas in check plots farmers normally applied 2-3 spraying during crop period. Hence IPM technique reduce plant protection cost upto 50%.It is observed Less disease and pest infestation in IPM plots, 80 % farmers of village Sankilo are adopting seed treatment in Rice, Moong and in Vegetable. Tomato grower of this village started to use Tricoderma sp and Pseudomonas sp for seed treatment and also applied in main field. Farmers are now using pheromone traps for monitoring of brinjal fruit and shoot borer. With these efforts the concept of IPM has been popularized in rice based cropping system in Sankilo village and they are now fully confident about need base application of chemical insecticides in different crops for management of pest and disease. The adoption of summer ploughing is about 95%, Seed treatment is about 100% (all the members of the krishak club), Nursery seedling treatment is about 85%. The cost of plant protection has been reduced upto 50% with the effective pest management. The technology is now horizontally spreading to the neighboring villages.

Effect of Brown Manuring on Yield of Direct Seeded Rice

Chemical fertilizer use is predominant in the area is adversely affecting the soil health gradually reducing rice productivity. High fertilizer cost, unavailability of good quality organic manure. Stiff rise in input and labour cost decrease the CB ratio.Green manuring with Sesbania is also not acceptable due to untimely monsoon setting. So Brown Manuring in the context of direct seeded rice crop is co-culture of sesbania with Rice is the better option which rise a ray of hope for the farmers of Ganeswrapur and Chadhepada village of Tangi-Choudwar block. Farmers Sowing rice with Sesbania as co-culture at the rate 15Kg/ha. Growing sesbania with rice up to 20-25 days after sowing. At the stage sesbania start overtaking rice in height, application of herbicide 2-4 D @ 1.0 Kg ai/ha is done for knocking down effect. Sesbania starts wilting and after 4-5 days it will appear brown. In broadcasted rice the sesbania was mixed at the time of Beusaning or if line sown incorporated by weeder Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Cuttack provided training and implemented the programme. The IFFCO as a stake holder provide sesbania seeds to the farmer. The krusak Sathi of ATMA were being exposed to the technology and the results were being shared with them wider transmission of the message.

ParametersDemonstrationFarmers practiceIncrease over F.P.(%)
Grain Yield (q/ha)
Organic Carbon (%)0.520.4611.53
BC ratio1.661.547.22

Use of Nitrogen fertilizer was reduced upto 25 percent. A major problem in direct seeded rice at early stage was weed. Due to weed compitative ness of sesbania the problem was over come. As per the farmers perception point per sq mt. vermcast was higher in comparision to the farmers practice plot. The technology is in the process of horizontal spreading.

Broccoli Cultivation for higher remuneration

Cauliflower is one of the main vegetable crops in Cuttack district covering an area of 7 thousand ha. is problem. Net return per acre of cauliflower generally goes down due to market glut. There is a scope for high value crops in the Cuttack district under this situation. Farmers are interested to go for cultivation on high value crops like broccoli. Farmers cultivating broccoli in winter Season with a Seed rate of 400-500 gm/ha and spacing is 45cm X 45 CM or 45 cm X 30 cm. Its fertilizer does is NPK-80:100:100 kg/ha.Variety Suhani was cultivated by the farmers of Sankilo village of Nischintkoili block. Farmers are getting higher price in comparison to cauliflower. Cost of cultivation is relatively low in comparison to cauliflower. Higher cost benefit ratio is obtained by farmer (Broccoli : Cauliflower : : 5.3 : 2.8) Big Bazar and Reliance Fresh are purchasing the broccoli with a good price, which is helping the farmer for higher remuneration. Now the 60 numbers of farmers of village Sankilo and neraby started Broccoli cultivation with area 5 ha.in Nishchitacoli block of Cuttack district.